Eddy, Henry. Papers, 1816-1848 | Illinois History and Lincoln Collections
Breese, Sidney, 1800-1878
Browning, Orville Hickman, 1806-1881
Coles, Edward, 1786-1868
Cook, Daniel Pope, 1795-1827
Duncan, Joseph, 1794-1844
Eddy, Henry, 1798-1849
Edwards, Ninian, 1775-1833
Ewing, William Lee Davidson, 1795-1846
Flower, George, 1780-1862
Frontier and pioneer life
Gallatin County--Shawneetown (Ill.)
Illinois--Politics and government
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845
Kane, Elias Kent, 1794-1835
Lovejoy, Owen, 1811-1864
Madison County (Ill.)
Madison County--Edwardsville (Ill.)
Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844
Pope County--Golconda (Ill.)
Randolph County (Ill.)
Reynolds, John, 1788-1865
Scates, Walter B. (Walter Bennett), 1808-1887
Trumbull, Lyman, 1813-1896
United States--Politics and government
This collection contains typed transcripts of the papers of Henry Eddy, a lawyer, state representative, and newspaperman from Shawneetown, Illinois.
Henry Eddy was born in Pittsfield, Vermont in 1798, and attended school in Buffalo, New York. He served two months in the New York militia during of the War of 1812 and was wounded at the Battle of Black Rock. After his service, Eddy moved to Pittsburgh, where he learned printing and studied law, and then in 1818 he moved to Shawneetown, Illinois. He established the second newspaper in the state, originally named the Shawnee Chief, and headed it until 1826. He became well-known as a lawyer with a successful practice, and was also elected to the Illinois General Assembly, serving terms in 1820 and 1846 as a member of the Whig party. During the Black Hawk War of the 1830s, Eddy served as Quartermaster General of the Regular Illinois Militia. He died June 29, 1849.
This collection is largely comprised of typed transcripts of nearly 900 original manuscripts dating from 1816-1848. Correspondents include prominent figures in the early years of Illinois statehood, including Benjamin Bond, Shadrach Bond, Sidney Breese, Daniel Cook, Ninian Edwards, Alexander P. Field, and Elias K. Kane. The materials cover a wide range of topics, including prominent political figures of the day; state and national politics and laws; Eddy's presses and publications; banks; land speculation; and slavery.
In addition, the collection contains one original document, a letter from Isaac Barger to Henry Eddy date January 27, 1834, concerning a debt Barger owed to Eddy. The collection is also supplemented by name and chronological card indexes.
The transcripts in this collection were created by the Illinois Historical Survey from 1912 to 1916, when the originals were loaned to the University by Henry Eddy's grandson, Charles Carroll. Most of the originals were donated by Charles Carroll III to the Illinois State Historical Library, now part of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, in 1970.
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