Gerard Behague and Everett Helm Latin American Sheet Music Collection


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Brazilian music for voice and piano

Brazilian music for piano

Argentine sheet music

Cuban sheet music

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Finding Aid for Gerard Behague and Everett Helm Latin American Sheet Music Collection, 1917-1969 | The Sousa Archives and Center for American Music

By Noah Lenstra

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Collection Overview

Title: Gerard Behague and Everett Helm Latin American Sheet Music Collection, 1917-1969Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: 12/5/44

Primary Creator: Behague, Gerard (November 2, 1937-June 13, 2005)

Other Creators: Helm, Everett (July 17, 1913 - June 25, 1999)

Extent: 1.25 cubic feet

Arrangement: Organized into four series: Series 1: Brazilian music for voice and piano. Series 2: Brazilian music for piano. Series 3: Argentine Music. Series 4: Cuban Music. All music arranged alphabetically by the composer's last name.

Date Acquired: 04/23/1974

Subjects: Folk music, National Music

Formats/Genres: Sheet music

Languages: Portuguese, Spanish;Castilian, English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Consists of Brazilian sheet music from the period, ca. 1915-1945, many pieces bearing the stamp "Almirante" indicating the collection was originally amassed by Henrique F.D. Almirante (b. 1908), Brazilian singer, composer, scholar and collector active professionally in the 1930s-1950s. Publications from Casa Napoleao predominate. Consists largely of popular piano music or voice and piano editions, but also includes several works for violin and a few manuscript items. Includes dance music of the 1920s and 1930s, as well as works connected with Carnival festivities.

Also contains popular Argentine sheet music from the same time period, as well as popular Cuban sheet music from the 1960s.

Brazilian and Argentine collection acquired by Everett Helm sometime in the 1950s. Provenance of Cuban sheet music is unknown. Purchased by the University of Illinois Library from Tulane University's Inter-American Center for Musical Research in the late 1960s by librarian William M. McClellan, under the advice of ethnomusicologist Gerard Behague for Behague to use the collection for his research into the history of Brazilian Music. Only a portion of the Helm collection was acquired by the library to meet Behague's research needs.

Biographical Note

Gerard Behague (1937-2005) was born in Montpellier, France and spent his childhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Behague earned a diploma in piano performance and composition from the Brazilian Conservatory of Music in 1959. This was followed by a masters degree in musicology from the University of Paris in 1962. He earned his Ph.D. in musicology from Tulane University in 1966, where he studied with Gilbert Chase. While at Tulane, Behague also worked in the Inter-American Institute for Musical research.

Professor Behague began his career as a musicologist in 1966 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Here he taught music history, American music, and Latin American music. Gradually, his research interests shifted toward ethnomusicology. In 1974, Behague became a professor of musicology at the University of Texas at Austin, where he would remain until his death in 2005. Two of his most notable students at the University of Texas were Tom Turino and Donna Buchanan.

From 1969-1977, he served as associate editor of the Yearbook for Inter-American Musical Research, and from 1974-78, he was editor of the journal Ethnomusicology. In 1980 he founded and subsequently edited the Latin American Music Review, a journal that provides a unique forum for academics from all of the Americas to publish in three languages. He was president of the Society for Ethnomusicology (1979-1981) and served on the board of directors of several professional associations.

Behague was particularly well known for his research on the music of Brazil, which he studied both as a music historian and as an ethnomusicologist. Among the books he wrote were his textbook, Music in Latin America: An Introduction (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1979), and Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Search for Brazil's Musical Soul (Austin, TX.: ILAS Monographs, UT Press, 1994).

Subject/Index Terms

Folk music
National Music

Administrative Information

Repository: The Sousa Archives and Center for American Music

Acquisition Source: Tulane University Library

Acquisition Method: Collected first by Brazilian composer Almirante. Everett Helm then collected part of the collection from Almirante and built upon it through his own acquisitions. Deposited at Tulane University during the 1960s. Purchased by the University of Illinois Music Library, under the appeal of Gerard Behague in 1974 as Tulane University's Inter-American Center for Music Research had gone defunct and it was terminating its accompanying musicology library. Only a portion of Helm's collection was acquired by UIUC.  The collection was transferred to the Sousa Archives sometime after 2012.

Related Materials: Everett Helm Manuscripts at the University of Indiana, Bloomington For more information please see

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Brazilian music for voice and piano, ca. 1920s-1940s],
[Series 2: Brazilian music for piano, ca. 1920s-1940s],
[Series 3: Argentine sheet music, 1920s-1940s],
[Series 4: Cuban sheet music, ca. 1960s],

Series 4: Cuban sheet music, ca. 1960sAdd to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: A-ZAdd to your cart.

Eddy Gaytán "No Te Defiendas : Wa-Wa" 1967

"Quieres la Felicidad o No : Shake" 1967

"Contigo pasó el Amor : Shake" 1968

"No Preguntes Como Fue : Cancion : Wa-Wa" 1958;

Pablo Milanés "Para Viver : Cancion" 1967, Por Qué : Cancion 1969, De Una Vez : Cancion 1969, Mis 22 Años : Guajira 1966;

Marta Valdés, Hacia Donde : Balada 1967, Canción desde otro mundo : Cancion 1969, Llegabas : Cancion 1963;

Piloto y Vera, Aquí o Alla : Balada 1968, Y Deja : Bolero 1966, Perdóname Conciencia : Bolero-Rock 1966, Scheherezade Chachacha : Chachacha 1963, Guajira con Tumbao : Guajira-chá1967, Un Nuevo Color : Shake undated;

Juan Almeida, Es Soledad : Fantasia-Shake 1969, En este Junio : Shake1964;

Raul Gomez, Hay tristeza dentro do mí : Balada 1968, Rosas de Algodón : Guaje-Shake 1969, Y Tu Algun Dia La Seguiras : Afro-Shake Undated, Extraño Tu Mirar : Cancion-Shake 1967, Hay un lugar : Balada 1967, Quiero soñar contigo : Bossa Nova 1966, Odio, Ambicion : Fantasia 1968, La Soga : Fantasia 1967, Me Siento Libre : Fantasia 1968, Donde el Cielo va a Encontrarse con el Mar : Balada 1969, El Salvaje del Amor Pierde la Felicidad : Guaje, Shake 1969, Siguiendo al Sol : Shake-Instrumental 1969;

Armando Sequeira, Un Final Inesperado : Shake 1967, Mañana : te veré en el Parque 1967;

Teresita Herrera, Ser : Balada 1966;

Adolfo Guzmán, Te Espero en la Eternidad 1963;

Silvio Rodríguez, La era está pariendo un corazón : Cancion 1968;

Eduardo Saborit, He Aprendido a Leer y a Escribir : Canción 1966, Cuba, Que Linda es Cuba 1967;

Ruben Rodriguez, Ni Siquiera un Retoño : Surf 1967;

Jesús Valdés (Chucho), Sonidos Siderales : Shake instrumental 1967;

Rodrigo Prats, Dolor y Amor : Bolero 1969;

Tania Castellanos, Por Los Andes del Obre 1968

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Brazilian music for voice and piano, ca. 1920s-1940s],
[Series 2: Brazilian music for piano, ca. 1920s-1940s],
[Series 3: Argentine sheet music, 1920s-1940s],
[Series 4: Cuban sheet music, ca. 1960s],

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