Military Reports, 1881-1943, 1945
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Brief Description: Copies of quarterly (1881-1910) and annual (1893-1943, 1945) reports filed with the War Department (1881-1919) and the President of the University by the Professor of Military Science and Tactics, relating to status of clothing, equipment, ordnance and instructional materials; strength and proficiency of student military units; schedule of instruction and number and rank of instructional staff; 28 page "History of the Military Department, University of Illinois, 1868-1921," by Captain Edward S. Johnston (1921).
Held at:
University of Illinois Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 333-0798
Fax: (217) 333-2868
Email: illiarch [at] illinois.edu
Record Series Number: 27/3/3
Created by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  Department of Military Science
Volume: 0.6 cubic feet
Acquired: 9/1963
Arrangement: Chronological
Biographical Note for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  Department of Military Science :

Military training has been a part of the University of Illinois curriculum since 1868. In that year, the Illinois Industrial University was officially opened in compliance with a requirement of the Morrill Land Grant of 1862.1 By laws of Congress and the state, the University was required to teach Military Tactics to its students. All able-bodied male students of the first and second years were enrolled in the companies of the University Battalion, and received instruction from one to three hours each week.2 World War I severely affected the University ROTC program. By the end of the school year 1916-17 all the officers were ordered away. Only one officer, Major Edward W. McCaskey, U.S.A. retired, was assigned for 1917-18. The Student Training Corps, coming in the fall of 1918, was a further serious set back. This program converted the University into a military school for all practical purposes. It lasted for only four months and, in effect, replaced the ROTC. It left the ROTC in a position of much reduced effectiveness for this period.3 In 1961, the name was listed as Department of Military Science.4

1. A Brief History of the University of Illinois ROTC, 1918, p. 1.

2. Board of Trustees Transactions, 10th Report, 1881, p. 39.

3. A Brief History of the University of Illinois ROTC, 1918, p. 2.

4. University of Illinois Undergraduate Study Catalog, 1961, p. 93.

Subject Index
Military Training
War Department
Genres/Forms of Material
Papers
Languages of Materials
English [eng]