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Naval Unit Book Requests

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Detailed Description

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Finding Aid for Naval Unit Book Requests, 1917-1919 | The American Library Association Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Naval Unit Book Requests, 1917-1919Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1918-1919

ID: 89/1/3

Primary Creator: War Services Committee

Extent: 1.0 Cubic Feet

Arrangement: Arranged alphabetically by subject title

Date Acquired: 04/26/1974

Subjects: Milam, Carl H., Naval Hospital Libraries, Naval Station Libraries, War Services Committee

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Naval Unit Book Requests, contains correspondence of Carl H. Milam, Assistant to the Director of the War Services Committee, includes requests made by naval vessels and stations for books and periodicals.

Biographical Note

In an April 1917 meeting between Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress, and the Secretary of War, Putnam suggested that the ALA provide books for the American Army. The President of the ALA then decided that it should assist the war effort (1).  The Louisville Conference of June 22, 1917 accepted the recommendation of the Preliminary Committee that a War Committee be appointed to study the supply of reading matter to the troops; construction, equipping and maintenance of library buildings at military garrisons; and the possibility of raising funds for that purpose (2). This mandate to study the problem was broadened by the Executive Board on August 14, 1917 with the appointment of a War Services Committee authorized to raise and distribute funds to supply books to the troops (3).

To facilitate the Committee's mandate, the Executive Board named Herbert Putnam Director General of the War Services Committee and gave him broad authority to hire staff, design and equip buildings, contract for equipment, determine lists of books to be provided, and accept or reject gift reading matter (4).

The War Services Committee ended its operations after the War. By August 21, 1919 the Committee proposed that Army and Navy librarians take over the fund for distributing books to service men, and that the service to hospitals be continued only until the Public Health Service could assume responsibility (5).  On January 3, 1920 the Executive Board took over the work of the Committee, and at its July 15-16, 1920 Meeting, the Board transferred the Library War Services Fund to the ALA Treasury, and abolished the position of Director General of the Library War Services Committee (6).  The ALA continued to provide funds for books for ex-servicemen as late as 1923 (7).

During World War II there was an attempt to revive war services.  To prepare for the possibility of war, the Executive Board authorized the President to INT a Committee on Defense Activities on October 7, 1940.  This Committee was to report directly to the Executive Board (8). On December 20, 1941 the Executive Board changed the name of the Committee to the Committee on Libraries and the War.  The mission of the Committee to the Committee on Libraries and the War.  The mission of the Committee was to disseminate information to libraries on "civilian defense and civilian moral" (9).  Subsequently the Executive Board appointed a Committee on War Information and Education, but by June 21, 1942, this Committee was dropped because the government was doing the Committee's work and it was no longer useful (10).

Subject/Index Terms

Milam, Carl H.
Naval Hospital Libraries
Naval Station Libraries
War Services Committee


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 1],
[Box 2],
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Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Ships Arranged Alphabetically, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 1 of 3
Folder 2: Ships Arranged Alphabetically, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 2 of 3
Folder 3: Ships Arranged Alphabetically, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 3 of 3
Folder 4: Subscription Inventories, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Akron Ohio Naval Aviation Detachment, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Algiers Naval Training Station, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Anacostia, D.C. Naval Air Station, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Annapolis, War Camp Community Service, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Annapolis Naval Academy Radio Station, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Bar Harbor Maine Naval Base, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Bay Shore LI Naval Air Base, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Belmar NJ Naval Radio Station, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Bensonhurst, LI Naval Reserve Camp, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Berger, April 14, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Black Rock Naval Base, October 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Booth Bay Harbor, ME Naval Station, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Boston Naval Stations, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Brooklyn Naval Yard, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Brooklyn Naval Stations, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Brooklyn, Navy YMCA, 1918-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Brunswick, GA, Naval Aviation Camp, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Camp Glenn, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Cape May, NJ, 1917-1918Add to your cart.

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[Box 1],
[Box 2],
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