World War II National Defense Subject File, 1940-1946
[Back to Formatted Version]
Brief Description: World War II National Defense Subject Files of Carl Milam including correspondence on book drives (1941) and campaigns (1942-45); camp libraries (1940-41); U.S. government documents (1942-43); ALA committee activities; national defense activities of libraries in 29 states (1940-41); Japanese Relocation Centers (1943); U.S. Office of Education (1941); devastated libraries (1940-45); Office of War Information (1943-44); Surveys of Public and University Library needs (1941), and destruction of National Socialist literature by the Allies in 1946 and protests against such destruction.
Held at:
The American Library Association Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61802
Phone: 217 333 0798
Fax: 217 244 2868
Email: ala-archives [at]
Record Series Number: 2/4/60
Created by: Milam, Carl H. (1884-1963)
Volume: 6.6 Cubic Feet
Acquired: 4/26/74
More information is available at
Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject and chronological thereunder
Biographical Note for Milam, Carl H. (1884-1963) : Carl H. Milam was born on October 22, 1884 in Harper County, Kansas. He graduated from the University of Oklahoma in 1907 and then went on to earn a certificate from the New York State Library School in 1908. He worked as a cataloger in the Perdue University Library from 1908 to 1909 and then as an organizer for the Public Library Commission of Indiana from 1909 to 1913. He was the director of the Birmingham Public Library in Alabama until 1919, and during this period he spent some time on leave to work for the ALA Library War Service. In 1917, he became assistant to the program's director, Herbert Putnam, the Librarian of Congress, before becoming the general director in 1919. In 1920, he accepted appointment as ALA secretary and remained in the position for the next 28 years. Two of his main interests were library education and international library development. He left in 1948 to become the director of the United Nations Library. After two years, he retired at the age of 65 and returned to Barrington, Illinois. Milam was president of the League of Library Commissions from 1912 to 1913, an elected member of ALA Council in 1915, and a member of the Executive Board in 1919. He was invited to run for president of ALA in 1948 in what became a controversial election, but he was defeated by Clarence Graham, the director of the Louisville Public Library in Kentucky. He was named an honorary member of ALA in 1954. Milam was also awarded with honorary doctoral degrees from Southwestern College in Memphis, Tennessee and from Lawrence College in Appleton, Wisconsin. He died on August 26, 1963 [1].
Subject Index
Book Campaigns
Book Drives
Camp Libraries
Executive Director, ALA
Government Documents
Japanese Relocation Centers
Milam, Carl H.
State National Defense Activities in Libraries
Surveys, Public and University Library Needs
U.S. Office of Education
U.S. Office of War Information
World War II
Languages of Materials
English [eng]