William C. Rose Papers, 1923-62, 1966
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Brief Description:

Papers of William Cumming Rose (1887- ), professor of chemistry (1922-55), including correspondence with biochemists concerning committee service, faculty recruitment, recommendations, honors and awards, the second International Congress of Biochemistry (1952), papers for professional meetings, lectures, publications and visits; photographs of biochemists; university committee reports on food research (1944), krebiozen (1951-52) and honorary degrees (1952-54); list of doctorates supervised (1958); publications list (1910-59); manuscripts of published articles on amino acids, threonine, Lafayette B. Mendel and the physiology of amino acid metabolism, and reprints of articles from scientific, technical and popular journals relating to nutritional and growth requirements and the synthesis of amino acids in proteins.

The series includes tape-recorded recollections of youth, Davidson, Yale, Pennsylvania, Texas, Illinois, biochemistry, seminars and students, amino acid research, work on pepsin and creatine, honors and awards, World Wars I and II, research support, John R. Young, students, presidents and textbooks.

Held at:
University of Illinois Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 333-0798
Fax: (217) 333-2868
Email: illiarch [at] illinois.edu
Record Series Number: 15/5/27
Created by: Rose, William Cumming (1887-1985)
Volume: 1.0 cubic feet
Acquired: 2/9/1966; 3/10/1966
More information is available at https://files.archon.library.illinois.edu/uasfa/1505027.pdf
Arrangement: By type of material and chronological or alphabetical thereunder.
Biographical Note for Rose, William Cumming (1887-1985) :

William Cumming Rose (1887-1985) was professor of physical chemistry (1922-36); professor of biochemistry (1936-53); research professor of biochemistry (1953-55); and professor emeritus (1955-85) at the University of Illinois (UI). He was a renowned biochemist and nutritionist noted for his pioneering work with amino acids and his discovery of threonine, the final common amino acid to be identified.

Rose was born April 4, 1887, in Greenville, South Carolina, and grew up in North Carolina. He earned a B.S. from Davidson College in 1907 at age nineteen. He earned a Ph.D. (1911) from Yale University and did post graduate research at the University of Freiburg in Germany. Rose held positions at the University of Pennsylvania (1911-13) and the University of Texas College of Medicine (1913-22) before joining the chemistry faculty at UI in 1922. His research at UI focused primarily on amino acid nutrition and metabolism, and he discovered the common amino acid threonine. Over the course of his career, Rose published over a hundred-and-twenty research papers, including "Amino Acid Requirements of Man" (1949). As a result of his achievements as chemist and educator, he was given honorary doctorates from Davidson College (1947), Yale University (1947), and University of Chicago (1956). He served as President of the American Society of Biological Chemists (1939-41) as well as on the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council. Rose also received numerous awards: the Scientific Award of the Grocery Manufacturers of America (1947), the Osborne-Mendel Award of the American Institute of Nutrition (1949), the Willard Gibbs Medal, Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society (1952), the 20th Anniversary of Scientific Awards of the Nutrition Foundation (1961), and the National Medal of Science (1966).

Rose married Zula Franklin Hedrick in 1913. He retired from UI in 1955, and he continued to work, publishing "Recollections of Personalities Involved in the Early History of American Biochemistry" (1977) as well as other works on the history of science. He died aged 98 on September 25, 1985, in Urbana, Illinois.

Sources:

Daphne A. Roe, "William Cumming Rose: A Biographical Sketch," The Journal of Nutrition 111, no. 8 (August 1981): 1311รข??1320, https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/111.8.1311. Accessed May 8, 2020, https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-abstract/111/8/1311/4771389?redirectedFrom=fulltext.

Wikipedia, s.v. "William Cumming Rose," accessed May 8, 2020, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cumming_Rose.

Subject Index
Amino Acids
Biochemistry
Davidson College
Faculty Papers
Food Science
Graduate Study
Krebiozen
Nutrition
Research
Rockefeller Foundation
Threonine
University of Pennsylvania
University of Texas
World War I - Scientific Research and Development
World War II - Agricultural and Industrial Production and Construction
Yale University
Genres/Forms of Material
Papers
Languages of Materials
English [eng]