Gottfried S. Fraenkel Papers, 1925-84
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Brief Description:

Gottfried Samuel Fraenkel (1901-1984), served as Professor of Entomology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was a pioneering researcher in the fields of insect physiology, endocrinology, nutrition, and insect-plant co-evolution.

Papers from the first accession include correspondence; manuscripts; research, course and bibliographic notes and publications relating to the physiology of insects and marine invertebrates, nutrition of bread, vitamins, hormones, orientation in animals; scientific meetings and papers; reviews, comments and terminology; insect pest studies on carnitine, ecdysone, fles, fleas, mealworms, silkworms, mosquitos, snails, and pupariation; National Academy of Sciences; Rockefeller Foundation; and scientific research in Czechoslovakia, England, France, India, Israel, Japan, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and marine biological laboratories.

The papers of the second accession consist of correspondence; research and teaching materials relating to the physiology of insects, hormones, and morphology; rare U.S. Department of Agriculture Leaflets; and original drawings and diagrams of insect anatomy. In addition, papers include bound volumes of Fraenkel's publications, donated by John Willis. This collection is an addendum to the eleven boxes acquired by the University Archives in November 1984.

Papers from the first accession are arranged by period (Germany, England and United States) and alphabetical by subject throughout; second accession organized into 3 series: Series I: Research and professional files (1958-1984), arranged alphabetically; Series II: Course files, arranged by course number and then chronologically with drawings and diagrams at the end of the series; and Series III: Publications. After a folder with biographical materials, the bound publications arranged by volume number.

Second accession organized into 3 series: Series I: Research and professional files (1958-1984), arranged alphabetically; Series II: Course files, arranged by course number and then chronologically with drawings and diagrams at the end of the series; and Series III: Publications. After a folder with biographical materials, the bound publications arranged by volume number.

Held at:
University of Illinois Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 333-0798
Fax: (217) 333-2868
Email: illiarch [at] illinois.edu
Record Series Number: 15/8/22
Created by: Fraenkel, Gottfried Samuel (1901-1984)
Volume: 11.0 cubic feet
Acquired: 11/19/1984; Spring 2017.
More information is available at https://files.archon.library.illinois.edu/uasfa/1508022.pdf
Arrangement:

First accession by period (Germany, England and United States) and alphabetical by subject throughout; second accession organized into 3 series: Series I: Research and professional files (1958-1984), arranged alphabetically; Series II: Course files, arranged by course number and then chronologically with drawings and diagrams at the end of the series; and Series III: Publications. After a folder with biographical materials, the bound publications arranged by volume number.

Second accession organized into 3 series: Series I: Research and professional files (1958-1984), arranged alphabetically; Series II: Course files, arranged by course number and then chronologically with drawings and diagrams at the end of the series; and Series III: Publications. After a folder with biographical materials, the bound publications arranged by volume number.

Biographical Note for Fraenkel, Gottfried Samuel (1901-1984) :

Gottfried Samuel Fraenkel (1901-1984), served as Professor of Entomology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  He was a pioneering researcher in the fields of insect physiology, endocrinology, nutrition, and insect-plant co-evolution.

Gottfried S. Fraenkel was born on April 23, 1901, in Munich, Germany. Professor Fraenkel earned his doctorate in zoology from the University of Munich in 1925. He studied marine life in Italy, France, and England before moving to Palestine in 1928, where he worked in the Zoology Laboratory at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. There, he turned his attention to entomology. Fraenkel returned to Germany in 1932, but the rise of the Nazi state prompted him to move to London in 1933, where he worked as a research associate at University College, London and later as a lecturer at the Imperial College of the University of London. In 1948, he accepted a position in the Department of Entomology at the University of Illinois, where he taught until his retirement in 1972.

Dr. Fraenkel made several important discoveries in the fields of insect behavior, physiology, nutrition, and endocrinology. Fraenkel achieved notable recognition for his studies on the chemical and sensory properties of insect-plant interaction, and he is credited for pioneering the field of insect-plant coevolution. In 1940, Dr. Fraenkel, along with Donald L. Gunn, wrote "Orientation of Animals," which was considered a seminal work on animal behavior. Fraenkel was also collected music scores and was a gifted musician.

Prior to immigrating to the U.S., Dr. Fraenkel married Rachel Sobel Fraenkel, an accomplished sculptor. They had two sons, Gideon and Daniel Fraenkel. Gottfried Fraenkel died in 1984 in Urbana, Illinois.

Sources:

Kenan Heise, "Gottfried Frankel, 83; made major discoveries while studying insects," New York Times, October 27, 1984.

"Gottfried S. Fraenkel; Studied Insect Biology," New York Times, November 1, 1984.

C. Ladd Prosser, Stanley Friedman, and Judith H. Willis, "Gottfried Samuel Fraenkel, 1901-1984" in National Academy of Science's Biographical Memoirs (1990), 169-195.

Subject Index
Bread
Carnitine
Czechoslovakia - Science and Technology
England - Science and Technology
Entomology
Faculty Papers
Fleas
Flies
France - Science and Technology
Hebrew University
Hormones
Imperial Institute of Science and Technology
Insects
Music -- India - Science and Technology
Music -- Israel - Science and Technology
Music -- Japan - Science and Technology
National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
Nutrition
Rockefeller Foundation
Snails
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - Science and Technology
Wood's Hole Marine Biological Laboratory
Genres/Forms of Material
Papers
Languages of Materials
English [eng]