Military Department History, 1865-1921
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Brief Description: Military Department History includes a reprinted leaflet of correspondence between General I. N. Haynie and Professor J. B. Turner regarding military education in state colleges (1865) and a paper entitled "History of Military Department, University of Illinois, 1868-1921" (1921) by Captain Edward S. Johnston concerning military department origin, development, enlisted men, personnel, Colonel Fechet and other commandants, World War I and its impact on the department, President Edmund James' plans to improve the military department, the YMCA, and the ROTC.  The essay also contains incomplete appendices which include a chronology of the Military Department and a list of the department's distinguished graduates.
Held at:
University of Illinois Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 333-0798
Fax: (217) 333-2868
Email: illiarch [at]
Record Series Number: 27/1/5
Created by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Armed Forces (ROTC)
Volume: 0.1 cubic feet
Acquired: 8/1990
Arrangement: Chronological
Biographical Note for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Armed Forces (ROTC) :

The origin of the ROTC Department along with that of the University lies in "Land Grant Act" of Congress approved July 2, 1862, and an Act of the Illinois Legislature approved February 28, 1867.1 In 1877, the School of Military Science was responsible for military training.2 1916 marked the beginning of the Reserve Officers Training Corps as authorized by Congress, June 2, 1916. Under this act, Infantry, Engineer, and Squad Units were established on January 1, 1919. From this time, until 1943, the program grew steadily. New Units were added as follows: Field Artillery, 1919; Cavalry, 1920; Air Science, 1920; and Coast Artillery, 1930. In 1943, the Army Special Training Program was instituted and remained until 1945. By the end of 1946, the ROTC program was nearly back to its prewar status. A total of eight units were organized: Infantry, Field Artillery, Cavalry, Air Engineer, Signal, Quartermaster, and Transportation. Ordnance and Army Security were added in 1947 and Anti-Aircraft Artillery added in 1948.3

1. History of the University of Illinois ROTC, p. 17. Military Science Department Historical Files.

2. Catalogue and Circular of the Illinois Industrial University, 1876-77, p. 58.

3. ROTC History of the University of Illinois, 1972. 2-05 Original History Files, Military Science Department.

Subject Index
Military Training
University History
World War I - Service and Training
Genres/Forms of Material
Languages of Materials
English [eng]