Arthur L. Hooker Papers
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Brief Description:

Arthur (Art) L. Hooker (1924-1991) was a professor in plant pathology and agronomy at the University of Illinois from 1958-1980. He is internationally recognized for his research on plant pathology, corn breeding, and plant genetics. His most notable achievement was the 1970 discovery of Helminthosporium maydis race T--the pathogenic cause of southern corn leaf blight.  He then worked with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the seed production industry to develop blight-resistant corn hybrids.  He later used these seed production techniques to develop hybrids resistant to corn rust and stalk rot.

His papers contain photographs, publications, correspondence, reports, research materials, conference papers and programs, field plot notebooks, datebooks, data, and statistical analyses. Also included are DeKalb-Pfizer's internal reports, manuals, and publications on seed production.

This collection is arranged into 3 series. Series 1: Personal Papers, organized alphabetically; Series 2: Research-related Papers, arranged alphabetically; and Series 3: Publications, organized chronologically.

Held at:
University of Illinois Archives
19 Library
1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 333-0798
Fax: (217) 333-2868
Email: illiarch [at] illinois.edu
Record Series Number: 8/13/29
Created by: Arthur L. Hooker (1924-1991)
Volume: 7.0 cubic feet
Acquired: 10/03/2017.
More information is available at https://files.archon.library.illinois.edu/uasfa/0813029.pdf
Arrangement:

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1946-1991: This series contains Professor Hooker's CV, personal correspondence, course notes from his time at the University of Wisconsin, awards, and photographs. This series also includes documents relating to Hooker's military records. The series is organized alphabetically.

Series 2: Research-related Papers, 1926-1991: This series contains materials related to Arthur Hooker's research on plant pathology, corn breeding, and plant genetics. It is arranged in two parts, each alphabetically therein. Part 1 (1926-1980) contains materials relating to Hooker's research while at the Universities of Wisconsin and Illinois. Materials include correspondence, research files, datebooks, field plot notebooks, conference papers, meeting notes, a newspaper clipping scrapbook, and data from field work in South Africa and the former Republic of Yugoslavia. Part 1 also contains John R. Snyder's files from DeKalb AgResearch. Part 2 (1980-1991) contains materials relating to Hooker's work for DeKalb-Pfizer Genetics, Hughes Hybrids Seed Company, and the Plant Molecular Biology Center at Northern Illinois University after he left the University of Illinois in 1980. Included are correspondence, datebooks, expense reports, research notes, and field plot notebooks. Of particular interest are several binders that contain Professor Hooker's notes on breeding plans, field plot management, and seed production. Aso included are DeKalb-Pfizer Genetics' internal publications, reports, manuals, and guides, including seed testing and research and development reports, as well as statistical printouts on inbred line evaluation and disease rating profiles.

Series 3: Publications, 1950-1984: This series contains articles authored and co-authored by Arthur L. Hooker. The series is arranged chronologically.

Biographical Note for Arthur L. Hooker (1924-1991) :

Arthur (Art) L. Hooker (1924-1991) was a professor in plant pathology and agronomy at the University of Illinois from 1958-1980.  He is internationally recognized for his research on plant pathology, corn breeding, and plant genetics.

Arthur Hooker was born on October 12, 1924, in Lodi, Wisconsin, to Robert Lee and Dora Leuth Hooker.  After graduating from high school, he served in the U.S. Army from 1942-1946.  Hooker then attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he graduated with a Ph.D. (1952).

Hooker served as an assistant professor of botany and plant pathology at Iowa State University from 1952-1954, and then as a plant pathologist with the USDA Agricultural Research Service at the University of Wisconsin from 1954-1958.  In 1958, Hooker joined the faculty of the University of Illinois as professor in Plant Pathology.  He remained at the university until 1980, when he left to serve as Bioscience Director and Principal Scientist at DeKalb-Pfizer Genetics (1980-1986).  In the last years of his life, Hooker worked as Scientific Director of the Plant Molecular Biology Center at Northern Illinois University and as a corn breeder for Hughes Hybrids Seed Company.

Professor Hooker is best known for his research and teaching on corn leaf blight, corn breeding, and genetic disease resistance.  His most notable achievement was the 1970 discovery of Helminthosporium maydis race T--the pathogenic cause of southern corn leaf blight.  He then worked with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the seed production industry to develop blight-resistant corn hybrids.  He later used these seed production techniques to develop hybrids resistant to corn rust and stalk rot.  Hooker's research on the genetics of corn leaf blight helped revolutionize the field of plant genetics and plant breeding.  He published over 160 articles during his career, and he was invited to speak and consult in nineteen countries, including the Republics of South Africa and Yugoslavia.

Professor Hooker enjoyed a distinguished career as a plant pathologist and geneticist.  He was a Fellow of the American Phytopathological Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Agronomy, and the Crop Science Society of America.  While at the University of Illinois, Hooker was awarded the Paul A. Funk Award, which recognizes outstanding service to the field of agriculture through research and teaching.  He also received a commendation from the Illinois General Assembly in 1971 for his research on the state's southern corn leaf blight epidemic.

Arthur Hooker married Ellen Margaret Zimmerman in 1950.  They had two children, David Lee and Margaret Ann Hooker.  Arthur Hooker died on July 4, 1991, after a short battle with cancer.

Source:

D. White, "Arthur Lee Hooker: Distinguished in Combining Plant Patholoy, Corn Breeding and Genetics," in Maize Genetics and Breeding in the 20th Century, edited by Peter A. Peterson and Angelo Bianchi (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 1999): 217-223.

Subject Index
Corn
Corn Breeding
Corn Diseases
Corn Leaf Blight
Dekalb County, Illinois
Faculty Papers
Northern Illinois University
Plant Genetics
Plant Pathology